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The Citadel, El Mosky

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Open Hours: Daily 8a-5p

As historic as it is massive, the Citadel complex is a must-see attraction in Cairo. In fact, it's so big, you can't help but see it when you get a glimpse of the Cairo skyline. Built by Salah al-Din (Saladin) in the 12th century, the structure sits on a limestone spur. Mohammed Ali, the leader who freed Egypt from Mamluk power in the 1800's, played a big role in its history. In 1811, he invited between 600 and 700 Mamluks to the Citadel and ambushed them in a narrow passageway, starting the movement that ended their long-held rule of Egypt within a week. The Citadel complex contains the Al-Gawhara (Jewel) Palace, Mohammed Ali Mosque, Police Museum, Sultan Al-Nasir Mosque, Military Museum, Carriage Museum, Archaeological Museum, Suleyman Pasha Mosque and Bab el-Azab. When you visit, not only will you get a great lesson in history, but you'll also enjoy an incredible view of Islamic Cairo.