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Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), Al Jizah

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Contact: +20 2 383 8823
Open Hours: Daily 8:30a-4:30p
The most famous site in Egypt, and the one that appears on almost every tour package, this is the oldest and largest of the pyramids on the Giza Plateau. Built by the IV Dynasty pharaoh Khufu (better known as Cheops) around 2570 BCE, this 140-meter (460-foot)-high monument contains an estimated 2.3 million blocks averaging 2270 kilograms (2.5 tons). Its purpose is controversial: Many believe it was the ancient burial chamber of the pharaoh and his queen, while others suggest it had astronomical functions. As no inscriptions or mummies were found inside, speculation continues. It is now illegal to climb the pyramid, but you can go inside. After a descent at a crouch, a steep ascending passage leads to the Grand Gallery and two chambers. The King's Chamber contains a lidless granite sarcophagus while the so-called Queens Chamber was found empty. A separate ticket is required to enter each pyramid and the Solar Boat Museum.