Strolling in Celetna street..
Leading from the Old Town Square to the Powder Gate, this vivid and gently curving street is full of souvenir shops, small cafes and restaurants, all situated in picturesque buildings of various architectonic styles.
Celetna street is a part of the Royal Route – the coronation route of Czech kings that ends at Prague Castle. This street was named after plaited bread rolls that used to be baked there in the past. The street is decorated with many house signs that used to serve as a mark to tell the houses apart. During the day the street is full of life, at night it is lit by romantic gas lamps.
Famous houses in Celetna street
Probably the most famous building in Celetna street is House At The Black Madonna (no. 34) admired by many people for its cubist architecture. It was the first cubist building in Europe. Everything in the house in connected with cubism – from the permanent exhibition of Czech cubism to special „cubist“ cakes in the Grand Cafe Orient.
Houses Sixt House (no. 2) and At the Tree Kings (no. 3) are connected with the childhood and youth of the famous Prague writer in the world Franz Kafka. House At the Black Sun (no. 8) used to be the home for Mozart’s hostess in Prague Josepha Duskova.The Manhart House (no. 17) served as a Piarist College. It’s also where you can find Divadlo v Celetna (Theatre in Celetna). The Buquoy Palace (no. 20) is beautifully decorated building in Classicist style that is worth paying attention. Now it’s used by the Charles University. House At the Vulture (no. 22) used to be one of the many breweries in Prague. It has been used by the Charles University since the 18th century. The house At the Four Columns (no. 25) used to be the home and place of death of the significant philosopher and teologist Bernard Bolzano.
It doesn’t matter wheather you’re interested in architecture, history or you just want to enjoy the atmosphere of the place, walking in this lovely street in the centre of Prague is a must.http://www.prague.cz/
Celetna Lane on the Royal Way in Prague
One of the oldest streets in Prague, Celetna Lane, connects the Old Town Square with the Republic Square. It is lined with picturesque houses, adorned with house symbols. These coloured symbols of various objects and animals were used as an address in the middle ages. Most of the houses were originally Romanesque or Gothic, but they were rebuilt in Baroque or Classicist style later. Several houses are connected with life of renowned author Franz Kafka. You will find numerous shops, cafés and restaurants in this lively pedestrian lane nowadays.
Celetna Lane was a part of an old trading way to Prague in the past. It is called “Celetna” after the buns and rolls (“calty”), that used to be baked in the street in the 13 th century.
Royal Way led along Celetna Lane
The lane belonged to the Royal Way of Czech Kings – the way of coronation parades to the Prague Castle. The Royal Way started at the Royal Court, that used to stand near the present Powder Tower. It continued through the gateway, along the Celetna Lane to the Old Town Square, than along the Karlova Street and the Charles Bridge to the Lesser Town Square and up the Nerudova Street to the Prague Castle.
The Pachta Palace (No.36) in the Celetna Lane used to be a mint in the middle ages. It was a seat of the Military Commandant headquarters in Prague since 1784. It finally became a court building in 1849. Young lawyer Franz Kafka used to work there.
House At the Golden Angel (No.29) used to be a coaching-inn with famous guests such as W. A. Mozart, and a luxury hotel later. Several kings stayed in the hotel in the 19 th century.
Knights Templar in Celetna Lane
The house At the Temple (No.27) stands at the place, where used to be a church of Knights Templar in the 13 th century. The street, that goes through the house, is therefore called “Templova”. After the Order of Knights Templar was abolished in 1312, the members used to meet secretly in the basement of the house. A stone altar of the order was discover there later. A hospital with a church was built there instead and the building finally became a dwelling house in 1784.
The house At the Red Eagle (No.21) is embellished with a beautiful house symbol. There used to be a café in the 19 th century, where Czech patriots, such as Romanticist poet K. H. Macha, used to meet.
Cubist house “At the Black Madonna”
The Cubist house At the Black Madonna (No.34) was built by Josef Gocar in 1912. There is a Museum of Czech Cubism inside and also a unique Cubist café Grand Café Orient.
The Menhart House (No.17), is a former Piarist College. There is a restaurant U pavouka (“At the Spider”) and also the theater Divadlo v Celetne (“Celetna Theater”).
The Caretto-Millesimo Palace (No.13) used to be a Romanesque house originally and there are remains of that building inside, as well as a Gothic portal and windows. The beautiful Baroque frontage was built in the 18 th century.
The Hrzan of Harasov Palace (No.12) is one of the most beautiful buildings in the Celetna Lane, built in Baroque manner by G. B. Alliprandi.
The house At the White Peacock (No.10) has a Rococo facade and a beautiful house symbol.
Where Franz Kafka used to live
The house At the Three Kings (No.3) is where Franz Kafka lived in his youth, between 1896 and 1907. This medieval house has still its Gothic gables and wooden frames.
You can see the Sixt House (No.2) near the Old Town Square, at the beginning of the Celetna Lane. It has Romanesque corridors and vaults in the basements. There is a wine room nowadays, and a café in the ground floor. The house is decorated with sculptures of Habsburg rulers at the gable. Franz Kafka lived in this house with his parents between 1888 and 1889.
Ghosts of Celetna Lane
The Celetna Lane is also a place, where several Prague ghosts reportedly wander in the night. For example, a butcher with a burning axe or a hooker killed by a parson ramble along Celetna Lane, especially on Full Moon nights.