Egyptian Museum, Cairo
The Egyptian Museum owes its existence to the Egyptian Antiquities Service, established by the Egyptian government in 1835 to limit the looting of Egypt's priceless artifacts.
The museum opened in 1858 with a collection assembled by Auguste Mariette, the French archaeologist retained by Isma'il Pasha. It was originally housed in an annex of the palace of Ismail Pasha in Giza, the museum moved to its present location in 1900.
What to See The Egyptian Museum's
collection includes over 120,000 items. As at the Louvre Museum in Paris, it is necessary to be selective during a visit.
One major highlight is the famous Pharaoh Tutankhamen tomb collection on the museum's upper floor. The tomb of "King Tut" (as he is better known) was found remarkably intact by Howard Carter in the Valley of the Kings in 1923. Artifacts on display include the gold funerary mask and sarcophagus, four huge gilded boxes that fit inside each other, an ancient trumpet, thrones, and even a royal toilet seat.
Also upstairs is the royal Mummy Room, which houses 11 royal mummies from pharaonic times. It has a significant entrance fee and does not allow photos, but the adjacent (free) room has a nice assortment of mummified animals and birds.
Egyptian museum or Cairo museum as some people prefer to c
all it to distinguish it from other Egyptian museums in Nubia, Alexandria, Luxor or other Egyptian cities was established by the Egyptian government in 1835 although the current building was built in 1900 by the French architect Marcel Dourgnon.
The museum exhibited collections exceed 120,000 objects ranging from the pre historic era to the Greco-Roman period.
The Museum holds the treasures of the greatest civilization in the world. Some of the important exhibits in the Egyptian museum are : Artifacts from the tombs of kings and members of the royal
families of the Middle Kingdom found at Dahshur i
n 1894.The contents of the royal tombs of Tuthmosis III, Tuthmosis IV, Amenhotep III and Horemheb and the tomb of Yuya and Thuya.Artifacts from the tomb of Tutankhamun, consisting of more than 3500 Pieces, of which 1700 objects are displayed in the museum in addition to other great exhibits.
The museum celebrated recently the year 100 of creating the first permanent Egyptian museum. If you plan to visit Egypt then visiting the Egyptian museum is a must. here is the contact and address information of the: http://www.oneskytoursegypt.com/Excursions/Egypt-Cairo/Cairo-Tour/
The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world and the only one still remaining to this day. The other wonders are: The Colossus of Rhodes, The Statue of Zeus at Olympia, The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, The Temple of Artemis (Diana) at Ephesus, and The Lighthouse of Alexandria.
The word pyramid is derived from the Greek words PYRAMIS and PYRAMIDOS. The meaning of the word Pryamis is obscure and may relate to the shape of a pyramid. The word Pyramidos has been translated as "Fire In The Middle" (From Stephen Mehler - The Land of Osiris Research Project) For more information go to THE ORIGIN OF THE WORD "PYRAMID"
It appears that the Great Pyramid was never finished since the top is flat, and not pointed, as it should be. It has a truncated summit which is coarse and uneven and measures about 30 square feet. Most pyramids were crowned with a top-stone that completed their structure. This pyramid does not currently have one and it appears that it never did. One of the earliest references to the missing top-stone (or capstone) is from Diodorus Siculus (60 BC). He tells us that in his day, when the Pyramid stood with its casing stones intact, the structure was "complete and without the least decay, and yet it lacked its apex stone". Since the top-stone could not have been dismantled without first demolishing the smooth casing-stones, so that the core masonry formed steps of approach to it, this statement of Diodorus supports the theory that the top-stone had never been added to the structure. Also it appears that between the different courses of stones there is a thin cement which is absent on the upper surface of the highest course. Why the pyramid was never finished remains a mystery.