The Vatican is among the most important historical sites in the world. The seat of the Holy Roman Catholic Church, The ... More
The Vatican is among the most important historical sites in the world. The seat of the Holy Roman Catholic Church, The Vatican is also the home of the Pope. As the smallest state in the world, the Vatican has figured in key events throughout history. Occupying approximately half a kilometer of Rome, the Vatican is significant because of its fabulous architecture, religious, and artistic treasures. It was Pope Julius II who commissioned Michelangelo to paint the history of creation on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel during the 16th century. Among countless other notable events in the history of this important city is the convening of the College of Cardinals, at the death of a reigning Pontiff, for the purposes of electing a new Pope.
In 1099 Pope Pasquale II had a chapel erected in honor of the Madonna to commemorate the victory of the
crusaders who had liberated the Holy Sepulchre. Two hundred years later, Pope Gregory IX enlarged this Santa Maria del ...
On Via Nomentana, after Villa Torlonia, you will find the Mausoleum of Santa Costanza. The building dates from the early
4th century and was built by the daughters of Emperor Constantine, Costanza and Elena. It was originally a baptistery ...
The Roman Forum was designed to be the center of social, political and economic life in the city. The innumerable
remains include the well conserved triumphal arch of Emperor Septimius Severus, with reliefs depicting his victories and the base ...