During her lifetime, Mother Earth has gotten chills and, geologically speaking, she has had her share of hot flashes too. During the Pleistocene Epoch (1.8 million to 11,700 years ago) the climate went from Ice Age to … well, it began to warm up. That pushed the water level of the Dead Sea almost 800 feet higher than it is today, which flooded hundreds of square miles. Future floods and droughts came and went depending on long-scale (sorry) climate change.
The River Jordan was, and still is, the main source of water for the Dead Sea, but during the warm-ups it eroded its way down through hundreds of feet of sedimentary rock to reach the sea. The canyon it formed is called Wadi Mujib.
- Nature & Environment