On this day—August 5, 1960—Burkina Faso became independent from France. Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in northeastern Africa, and had been a French protectorate since 1896. The nation went through many changes after it became independent from France, including establishing a new form of government. Currently Burkina Faso has a semi-presidential republic, meaning that they have both a popularly elected president as well as a Cabinet and prime minister who are responsible for managing the legislature of state.
Burkina Faso was originally known as the Republic of Upper Volta. The name “Burkina Faso” comes from each of the country’s two major languages: Mòoré and Dioula. “Burkina” means “men of integrity” in Mòoré, while “Faso” means “fatherland” in Dioula. The name as a whole is intended to mean “land of upright people.”
- Burkina Faso